Climate Change

A timeline of
France’s commitments
Climat Change - A timeline of France’s commitments
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2001
An Act is passed to establish climate change as a "national priority".
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2004
The first "climate plan" is drawn up, listing the actions to be carried out to reach the targets for the stabilisation of greenhouse gas emissions set by the Kyoto Protocol (1997).
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2005
France commits to cutting down its greenhouse gas emissions by 75% between 1990 and 2050. The POPE Act (establishing energy policy guidelines) sets quantified targets for fulfilling this commitment.
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2008
Following the Directive 2006/32/EC by the European Parliament and the Council on energy efficiency, France submits its first action plan detailing the main policies and measures implemented.
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2008
The "climate and energy package" is adopted under the French presidency of the European Union, setting shared European targets for 2020:
  • reduce EU greenhouse gas emissions by 20% from 1990 levels;
  • raise the share of EU energy consumption produced from renewable resources to 20%;
  • improve the EU’s energy efficiency by 20%.
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2009
The Act 2009-967 of 3 August 2009 establishes precise goals:
  • in the transportation sector: reduce greenhouse gas emissions to their 1990 level;
  • in the construction industry: cut down energy consumption by 38% by 2020.
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2010
The Act 2010-788 of 12 July 2010 expresses a national commitment to the environment:
  • by reinforcing efforts to improve energy efficiency;
  • by developing local and regional planning.
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2011
France submits its second action plan regarding the implementation of the European directive on energy efficiency. A third plan is being prepared for 2014.
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2012
The first Environmental Conference endorses the European targets of a 40% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 and a 60% reduction by 2040.
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2013
The debate on the energy transition revolves around the creation of a new model for growth: a green, sustainable and solidarity-oriented one. The debate summary will form the basis of a bill that should be discussed in Parliament in 2014.
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2013
The 19th United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP19) in Warsaw should lead to the adoption of a new international agreement on Climate Change in 2015.
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2014
In September, the States will gather at a United Nations Climate Summit, on the invitation of the UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon. France will be represented by the President of the French Republic.
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2014
In December, the 20th United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP20) will be held in Lima.
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2015
France will host the 21st United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP21 Paris). France would like to establish an agreement that is binding, applicable to all and ambitious enough to limit global warming to 2°C.
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Climate Change

A timeline of France’s commitments